The new lavender ₹ 100 currency note prominently displays a photograph of ‘Rani-ki-vav’
Rani ki Vav is a unique stepwell in the world situated in Patan, in north Gujarat. It is nowadays a small town in northern Gujarat, but in earlier times it was the capital of the Gujarat kings. The Chaulukya kings made Patan the capital.
Ran ki Vav was built in the 3rd quarter in the 11th century. It was done as a memorial monument by Queen Udayamati when her husband, the kKng Bhima Deva died.
The monument is 65 metres long from the entrance to the well and about 20 metres broad and more than 20 metres deep. The most beautiful sculptures are carved on the sidewalls, on the constructions in between and on the wall of the well. .
Many stepwells were built along the trade routes. These routes started from the coast of Gujarat where the ships would come and the cargo would be unloaded, and went all the way to the imperial capitals of Delhi or Agra. Along these trade routes stepwells were built often by the merchants and sometimes by the kings also. They wanted to have a safe and comfortable passage for the caravans and cargos to reach the main places. So stepwells were built at a day’s walk or a day’s travel of a caravan.
There are other stepwells of that class or of that period. , Ankol Mata ni Vav ,Davad about 100 km from Patan. Another one Vimala Vasahi in Mount Abu was also built under the Chaulukya kings.
At the last level there is a small pond, like a basin, which keeps the surplus water from the well. This is just adjacent to the well.
The most interesting to view at this stepwell is its sculpture. There are about 400 large-sized sculptures or idols of various Hindu deities.In addition to images of deities, there are hundreds of images of heavenly beauties, surasundaris or apsaras. The main idol is Vishnu Sheshashayin where Lord Vishnu is lying on the oceans.
Rani ka Vav festival is held somewhere in the month of Dec or Jan. where one can enjoy the cultural program along with exquisite local cuisine and street shopping.
Travel Plan: The best way to reach the Rani ka Vav is through taxi. One can also visit by public buses. If you plan on taking the bus, a number of intercity buses run from Ahmedabad to Patan and take approximately 3.5 hours to reach. Buses from Mehsana to Patan take about an hour. Shared jeeps are available as well, and they are slightly quicker but less comfortable
Timings : 8:00 AM – 6:00 PM
Time Required : 1-2 hours
Cheers , Escapingsoul